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ISBN : 978-2-7460-9712-4
EAN : 9782746097124
(Editions ENI)


CentOS 2.1AS







Net::POP3 − Post Office Protocol 3 Client class ( RFC1081 )


    use Net::POP3;

    # Constructors
    $pop = Net::POP3->new(’pop3host’);
    $pop = Net::POP3->new(’pop3host’, Timeout => 60);


This module implements a client interface to the POP3 protocol, enabling a perl5 application to talk to POP3 servers. This documentation assumes that you are familiar with the POP3 protocol described in RFC1081 .

A new Net::POP3 object must be created with the new method. Once this has been done, all POP3 commands are accessed via method calls on the object.


    Need some small examples in here :-)


new ( [ HOST , ] [ OPTIONS ] )

This is the constructor for a new Net::POP3 object. "HOST" is the name of the remote host to which a POP3 connection is required.

If "HOST" is not given, then the "POP3_Host" specified in "Net::Config" will be used.

"OPTIONS" are passed in a hash like fashion, using key and value pairs. Possible options are:

ResvPort − If given then the socket for the "Net::POP3" object will be bound to the local port given using "bind" when the socket is created.

Timeout − Maximum time, in seconds, to wait for a response from the POP3 server (default: 120)

Debug − Enable debugging information


Unless otherwise stated all methods return either a true or false value, with true meaning that the operation was a success. When a method states that it returns a value, failure will be returned as undef or an empty list.
user ( USER )

Send the USER command.

pass ( PASS )

Send the PASS command. Returns the number of messages in the mailbox.

login ( [ USER [, PASS ]] )

Send both the the USER and PASS commands. If "PASS" is not given the "Net::POP3" uses "Net::Netrc" to lookup the password using the host and username. If the username is not specified then the current user name will be used.

Returns the number of messages in the mailbox. However if there are no messages on the server the string ""0E0"" will be returned. This is will give a true value in a boolean context, but zero in a numeric context.

If there was an error authenticating the user then undef will be returned.

apop ( USER , PASS )

Authenticate with the server identifying as "USER" with password "PASS". Similar ti the login manpage, but the password is not sent in clear text.

To use this method you must have the MD5 package installed, if you do not this method will return undef

top ( MSGNUM [, NUMLINES ] )

Get the header and the first "NUMLINES" of the body for the message "MSGNUM". Returns a reference to an array which contains the lines of text read from the server.

list ( [ MSGNUM ] )

If called with an argument the "list" returns the size of the message in octets.

If called without arguments a reference to a hash is returned. The keys will be the "MSGNUM"’s of all undeleted messages and the values will be their size in octets.

get ( MSGNUM [, FH ] )

Get the message "MSGNUM" from the remote mailbox. If "FH" is not given then get returns a reference to an array which contains the lines of text read from the server. If "FH" is given then the lines returned from the server are printed to the filehandle "FH".

last ()

Returns the highest "MSGNUM" of all the messages accessed.

popstat ()

Returns a list of two elements. These are the number of undeleted elements and the size of the mbox in octets.

ping ( USER )

Returns a list of two elements. These are the number of new messages and the total number of messages for "USER".

uidl ( [ MSGNUM ] )

Returns a unique identifier for "MSGNUM" if given. If "MSGNUM" is not given "uidl" returns a reference to a hash where the keys are the message numbers and the values are the unique identifiers.

delete ( MSGNUM )

Mark message "MSGNUM" to be deleted from the remote mailbox. All messages that are marked to be deleted will be removed from the remote mailbox when the server connection closed.

reset ()

Reset the status of the remote POP3 server. This includes reseting the status of all messages to not be deleted.

quit ()

Quit and close the connection to the remote POP3 server. Any messages marked as deleted will be deleted from the remote mailbox.


If a "Net::POP3" object goes out of scope before "quit" method is called then the "reset" method will called before the connection is closed. This means that any messages marked to be deleted will not be.


the Net::Netrc manpage the Net::Cmd manpage


Graham Barr <gbarr@pobox.com>


Copyright (c) 1995−1997 Graham Barr. All rights reserved. This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.