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ISBN : 978-2-7460-9712-4
EAN : 9782746097124
(Editions ENI)


CentOS 2.1AS







scan − produce a one line per message scan listing


scan [+folder] [msgs] [−clear] [−noclear] [−form formatfile] [−format string] [−header] [−noheader] [−width columns] [−reverse] [−noreverse] [−file filename]
[−version] [−help]


Scan produces a one−line−per−message listing of the specified folder or messages. Each scan line contains the message number (name), the date, the “From:” field, the “Subject” field, and, if room allows, some of the body of the message. For example:


10/05 crocker

nned Last week I asked some of


10/05 crocker

message id format I recommend


10/06 brien

Re: Exit status from mkdir



“scan” listing format in nmh

The ’+’ on message 15 indicates that it is the current message.

The ’−’ on message 16 indicates that it has been replied to, as indicated by a “Replied:” component (produced by the ’−annotate’ switch to the repl command).

The ’*’ on message 19 indicates that no “Date:” header was present. The time of last modification of the message is given instead.

If there is sufficient room left on the scan line after the subject, the line will be filled with text from the body, preceded by <<, and terminated by >> if the body is sufficiently short. Scan actually reads each of the specified messages and parses them to extract the desired fields. During parsing, appropriate error messages will be produced if there are format errors in any of the messages.

By default, scan will decode RFC-2047 (MIME) encoding in these scan listings. Scan will only decode these fields if your terminal can natively display the character set used in the encoding. You should set the MM_CHARSET environment variable to your native character set, if it is not US-ASCII. See the mh-profile(5) man page for details about this environment variable.

The switch ’−reverse’, makes scan list the messages in reverse order.

The ’−file filename’ switch allows the user to obtain a scan listing of a maildrop file as produced by packf. This listing includes every message in the file (you can’t scan individual messages). The switch ’−reverse’ is ignored with this option.

The switch ’−width columns’ may be used to specify the width of the scan line. The default is to use the width of the terminal.

The ’−header’ switch produces a header line prior to the scan listing. Currently, the name of the folder and the current date and time are output (see the HISTORY section for more information).

If the ’−clear’ switch is used and scan’s output is directed to a terminal, then scan will consult the environment variables $TERM and $TERMCAP to determine your terminal type in order to find out how to clear the screen prior to exiting. If the ’−clear’ switch is used and scan’s output is not directed to a terminal (e.g., a pipe or a file), then scan will send a formfeed prior to exiting.

For example, the command:

(scan −clear −header; show all −show pr −f) | lpr

produces a scan listing of the current folder, followed by a formfeed, followed by a formatted listing of all messages in the folder, one per page. Omitting ’−show pr −f’ will cause the messages to be concatenated, separated by a one−line header and two blank lines.

To override the output format used by scan, the ’−format string’ or ’−form file’ switches are used. This permits individual fields of the scan listing to be extracted with ease. The string is simply a format string and the file is simply a format file. See mh−format(5) for the details.

In addition to the standard mh−format(5) escapes, scan also recognizes the following additional component escapes:






the (compressed) first part of the body



the current date



the name of the current folder

If no date header is present in the message, the function escapes which operate on {date} will return values for the date of last modification of the message file itself. This feature is handy for scanning a draft folder, as message drafts usually aren’t allowed to have dates in them.

scan will update the nmh context prior to starting the listing, so interrupting a long scan listing preserves the new context. nmh purists hate this idea. ^$HOME/.mh_profile~^The user profile ^Path:~^To determine the user’s nmh directory ^Alternate−Mailboxes:~^To determine the user’s mailboxes ^Current−Folder:~^To find the default current folder inc(1), pick(1), show(1), mh−format(5) ’+folder’ defaults to the current folder ’msgs’ defaults to all ’−format’ defaulted as described above ’−noheader’ ’−width’ defaulted to the width of the terminal If a folder is given, it will become the current folder. Prior to using the format string mechanism, ’−header’ used to generate a heading saying what each column in the listing was. Format strings prevent this from happening. The argument to the ’−format’ switch must be interpreted as a single token by the shell that invokes scan. Therefore, one must usually place the argument to this switch inside double−quotes.

The value of each component escape is set by scan to the contents of the first message header scan encounters with the corresponding component name; any following headers with the same component name are ignored.